Presented at XII International Congress on
Hyperbaric and Underwater Medicine, Milan, September 1996. 1.*
The effect of hyperbaric oxygen in prolonged
coma. Possible identification of marginally functioning brain zones.
Medicina Subacquea ed Iperbarica. 1985: (3)
- 17 cases of vegetative coma for 1 - 22 months. 40 - 120
exposures over 20 - 90 days. Glasgow Coma Scale improved in all.
Complete recovery of 5.
- Eltorai I, Montroy,R. Hyperbaraic Oxygen Therapy leading to
recovery of a 6-week comatose patient afflicted by anoxic
encephalopathy and post-traumatic edema. J. Hyperbaric Medicine
1991: (3) 189-198. 90 mins HBO od. After 24 sessions, started
talking and ate meals. Gradually mobilised to a wheelchair.
- Harch PG, et al. SPECT brain imaging and low pressure HBO
in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic traumatic, ischaemic,
hypoxic and anoxic encephalopathies. Undersea and Hyperbaric Med.
1994 (Supp) 4/5 showed improvement in focal cortical & deep
grey matter deficits.
- Shn-rong Z. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Coma - report of
336 Cases. In Proc XI Intnl Cong Hyperbaric Med. Best, Flagstaff.
1995; 279-285 HBO is effective in acute brain hypoxia and oedema
and can hasten recovery of consciousness, including prolonged
- Neubauer RA. Gottlieb SF, Pevsner NH. Long-anoxic ischaemic
encephalopathy: predictability of recovery. In Proc XII Intnl Cong
Hyperbaric Med. Best, Flagstaff. 1996. (In press). 8 long-term
patients with severe anoxic ischaemic encephalopathy between 3
months and 12 years. Improvement in all cases, both clinically and
on SPECT scans. Until the introduction of SPECT scanning there has
been no diagnostic technique providing evidence that any treatment
would be effective.
- Quinly C, Shaoji Y. Nursing of Brain-Stem injury with HBO.
Ibid. 39 patients treated with HBO. Decreased mortality and
increased awake rate.
- Zhi Y, et al. Assessment of the efficacy of HBO in patients
with a persistent vegetative state. Ibid. 8 patients in coma,
longest 281 days prior to HBO. 20 - 86 daily sessions. All resumed
consciousness. ----------- 414 cases reported, world wide, in the