Murray SJ, Lieberman JM.
Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases,
Department of Pediatrics Miller Children's Hospital Long Beach, CA,
Children who have sickle cell disease are at
increased risk for osteomyelitis caused by Salmonella spp. and
Staphylococcus aureus. We report a case of anaerobic osteomyelitis
caused by Fusobacterium nucleatum in a child with sickle cell
The infection did not resolve with antibiotic
therapy alone, but was cured after surgical debridement and
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy.